Referring to its Arabic name – Masjid or a Mosque is a sacred place and a place of worship for all the followers of Islam. Mosques all around the world are well known for their significance to Muslim community as well as for the true representation of Islamic culture. Although known as a place where all the Muslims of the community come together and offer their prayers, Mosque can also be look out as a place of beautiful architecture that is famous all around the world. There are so many beautiful mosques founded in many countries and offers breathtaking beauty from outside as well as inside. Displaying the true charm through their modern or traditional minarets, they represent an integral space in the lives of thousands of people.
What can be a better occasion to appreciate the beauty of these Islamic architectures than the month of Ramadan? You can discover the most beautiful mosques from various countries around the world that will leave you in fascination.
Also Read: Best Places to Celebrate Eid in India
Al Haram Mosque, Medina, Saudia Arabia
Located in the city of Mecca, Saudi Arabia, It is one of the oldest and the largest mosques in the world. Covering an area of 400,800 square meters, the mosque is popular as the Grand Mosque consisting of indoor and outdoor praying places, stretched over for miles. During the Hajj- the annual pilgrimage to Mecca, happens the largest gatherings in the world where up to 2 million worshippers can be accommodated easily. The place also consists of ‘The Kaaba’, a cubed building at the centre of the site and the most sacred spot considered in Islam. Since its constructions to the current time, the building has gone under a lot of renovations including many more minarets, gates and modern heating and cooling systems.
Al- Nabawi Mosque, Medina, Saudia Arabia
Situated in the city of Medina, Al Nabawi is a famous mosque built by The Prophet Mohammad (peace be upon him). It was the second mosque constructed in that era and currently one of the largest mosques in the world after the al-Haram mosque in Mecca. It is also a chief pilgrimage site of Muslims and houses a special area named Riad ul-Jannah , which extends from Muhammad’s tomb to his podium. Pilgrims here attempt to visit the confines of the area, for there is a tradition that prayers uttered here are never rejected. This two tiered mosque is constructed on a rectangular plan with flat paved roof and 27 sliding rooms, making it look all the more beautiful to visit.
Al- Aqsa Mosque, Jerusalem
Al-Aqsa Mosque is the third pious site in Islam, located in the Old City of Jerusalem. The significance of the place lies in the belief which says that Muhammad was transported here from the Al Haram Mosque in Mecca during the Night Journey, and then on to heaven. The entire site houses silver domes mosque, Dome of the Rock, Seventeen Gates and four minarets. The Dome of the Rock mosque in Jerusalem is built with vibrant turquoise mosaic tiles and a gigantic golden dome which looks simply fascinating and hosts daily prayers and large Friday services.
The Blue Mosque, Istanbul
Officially called as the The Sultan Ahmed Mosque and popularly as the Blue Mosque, the site is one of famous tourist’s attractions, significant historically and architecturally. Constructed between 1609 and 1616, the mosque charms its visitors with its abundance of beauty. Adorned with hand- painted blue tiles, finely carved and sculptured marble, tablets inscribed with the verses from the Quran, five main domes, six minarets and eight secondary domes, the mosque is worth your visit. The mosque is a true representation of traditional Islamic architecture and is considered to be the last great mosque of the classical period. Its huge variety of coloured domes and archways makes it look all the more the beautiful.
Shah Faisal Mosque, Islamabad
Faisal Mosque in Islamabad is the biggest mosque in south east and southern Asia and the fourth largest mosque in the world. The Structure to you may look like a space exploration centre as it is designed in the shape of a Bedouin’s tent but is much more than that. The design features eight-sided shell shaped sloping roofs, creating a triangular worship hall which can hold 10,000 worshippers, while the surrounding porticoes and the courtyard up-to 200,000 and more. The mosque is a famous tourist attraction, and is referred as a contemporary and influential feature of Islamic architecture in the World.
Hassan II Mosque, Casablanca
Situated in Casablanca, Moracco Hassan II Mosque is the largest mosque in the country and the 7th largest in the world. Completed in the year 1993 and representing the magnificent Islamic architecture, the mosque is designed by famous French artist, Michel Pinseau. The mosque consists of a World’s tallest minaret which is 210 meters high and topped by a laser light, headed in the direction of Mecca. The site stands on the headland, out in the Atlantic Ocean as you witness the sea bed through the glass floor of the building’s hall. The building is so huge that it can accommodate a maximum of 105,000 worshippers at the same time.
Suleymaniye Mosque, Istanbul
Suleymaniye Mosque is an Ottoman imperial mosque situated in Istanbul, Turkey. It is the second largest mosque in the city, and one of the popular tourist attractions of Istanbul. The design of the mosque features the perfect blend of Islamic and Byzantine architectural elements combining tall, slender minarets with large domed buildings supported by half domes. The courtyard of the mosque represents exceptional grandeur with columns of granite, marble and porphyry. The building looks simply breathtaking in its size and eye pleasing in its simplicity.
Sheikh Zayed Grand Mosque, Abu Dhabi
Located in Abu Dhabi, Sheikh Zayed Grand Mosque is one of the largest mosques in the world, constructed 11 meters above sea level and 9.5 meters above the street level. Covering the area of 22,412 meters, the complex can accommodate more than 40,000 people at the same time. It has unique lighting system on the outside walls which changes according to the phase of the moon. As the country’s grand mosque, it is a major worshipping place for Islam followers. Along with a place of worship, the site is also a centre of learning and discovery through its various educational activities and visitors programs. Its magnificent design and architecture is a perfect combination of artisans and materials from various countries which attracts thousands of visitors from all over the world.
Nusrat Djahan Mosque, Copenhagen
Constructed in the outskirts of Copenhagen, Denmark in 1967, The Nusrat DJahan Mosque is one of the famous attractions and the very first mosque that was built in Denmark. The mosque was financed solely by the female members of the Ahmadiya Community and can accommodate only 100 people inside its complex. The architecture of the mosque is unique and attracts number of people from all over the world.
Zahir Mosque, Malaysia
The famous Zahir Mosque is Kedah’s state mosque, located in the heart of Alor Star, Malaysia. It is one of the huge and oldest mosques in Malaysia constructed in the year 1912. The mosque looks simply beautiful with design inspired from the vision of the Azizi Mosque of the Langkat Sultanate in North Sumatra. The mosque organizes a state’s Quran reading competition which is held every year within the premises of the mosque. Zahir mosque stands as an elegant example of Malay-Islamic architecture and has been voted in the top most beautiful mosques in the world.
Umayyad Mosque, Damascus
Sited in the city of Damascus, Umayyad Mosque is also one of the oldest and the largest mosque in the world. As per the legends, the mosque contains the head of the John the Baptist. Moreover, it is believed to be the place where Jesus will return at the End of Days. Its largest dome is situated atop the center of the prayer hall and resembles to an eagle head. The large courtyard of the mosque covers the southern part and is built using marble, glass mosaic and gold. The inside and out of the structure represents the perfect Islamic architecture and is a true delight to explore.
The Great Mosque of Cordoba, Spain
The Great Mosque of Cordoba is one of the Islam finest legacies, located in Spain. During the time when Christian forces conquered Cordoba in 1236; this beautiful mosque was sanctified as the Catedral de la Asuncion de la Virgen. Unlike other mosque which got torn down, this was the only mosque that survived to become the main tourists’ attractions of Spain. The exterior of the Mosque represents the true architectural beauty with its most decorative and striking features. While exploring the area you will not see any paintings, sculpture, toms or chairs, just the geometrical patterns woven out of the pillars creating a peaceful and free mind for prayer and meditation. The building is most prominent for its arcade hypo-style hall, with 856 columns of jasper, onyx, marble, and granite.
Bursa Grand Mosque, Turkey
Built between 1396 and 1399, Ulu Cami is the largest mosque in Bursa and an ideal landmark representing the early Ottoman architecture. Designed and built by the famous architect Ali Neccar, the structure consists of a large rectangular building with twenty domes supported by twelve columns. The mosque houses a beautiful fountain where worshippers can perform ablutions before praying and a skylight which plays a significant role in the illumination of the large building. It’s horizontally spacious and softly lit interior is planned to give peaceful and contemplative feel. The mosque has one of the greatest examples of Islamic calligraphy in the world, which can be seen on the walls, columns and on small and large plates of mosques.
Qolsarif Mosque, Russia
Qolsarif Mosque is one of the beautiful and the largest mosques in Russia and in the Europe. Originally built in 16th century, the mosque got destroyed during the storming of Kazan and constructed again during 1996. Currently the mosque primarily serves as a museum of Islam and at the same time an ideal place during the major Muslim celebrations. This Disney like castle is a true architectural marvel and also houses a library, publishing house and Imam’s office.
Crystal Mosque, Malaysia
Constructed in the year 2008, Crystal Mosque is a grand mosque attracting thousands of devotees from all over the world. The mosque is situated in the Islamic Heritage Park in Wan Man Island off Terengganu. The specialty of the mosque comes from its interesting exterior where it is coated with steel, glass and crystal. Its sleek and modern looks make it look very fascinating and internationally known. Sitting over Terengganu River, the mosque can accommodate over 1500 worshippers at a time. This place also houses one ‘The RM250 Million theme park along with the replicas of several Islamic monuments across Malaysia and all around the World including India’s Taj Mahal, Jerusalem’s Dome etc.
The London Central Mosque, London
Situated near the Regent’s Park in London, The London Central Mosque is a famous religious place and tourist attractions of London. The structure of the mosque was designed by Sir Frederick Gibberd in 1978 and has a most prominent golden dome. The interior of the structure houses a chandelier, a vast carpet, broken shapes in the Islamic tradition, a small bookshop and a halal café on its premises. The main hall of the mosque can accommodate over 5, 000 worshippers and a separate balcony for female worshippers.
Great Mosque of Xi’an
The Great Mosque of Xi’an is the largest mosque in China and a popular tourist site, attracting people all across the globe. The design of the mosque contains a walled complex of five courtyards, with the prayer hall situated in the fourth. Landscaped with lush green gardens and the ancient interiors, the place gives you the more serene feel as you enter. Covering the area of 12,000 square meters, the mosque is widely spread and represents the Chinese architecture and design.
Puchong Perdana Mosque, Malaysia
Have you got your camera? Then, be ready for a treat as the structure looks nothing but floating on water. Constructed in the year 1997, this pink styled mosque is built with rose-tinted granite and contains three main functional areas- the prayer hall, the courtyard, along with several learning facilities and function rooms. The mosque is beautiful and can accommodate around 15,000 worshippers at any one time. The land of Malaysia is offers abundance of beauty and tourist attractions. Go plan the Malaysian Holidays this summer with EaseMyTrip and have some unforgettable travel experience.